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As Most Crowded Trades Turn Sour, Fund Managers Brace for Pain


Two of the world’s most crowded trades are headed south at precisely the same time, resulting in a double-dose of pain for global fund managers.

Shares of the FAANG-BAT complex -- which includes U.S. tech giants Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, and Google parent Alphabet, as well as China’s Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent -- have lost more than $200 billion in market value since late last week. Money managers in a Bank of America survey earlier this month labeled being long the companies the most crowded bet in markets. Meanwhile, the dollar resumed its best run since 2016 Wednesday. That’s after hedge funds and other large speculators amassed the biggest net-short position in more than five years, Commodity Futures Trading Commission data show.

“The problem is that some of these big hedge funds and macro funds, they keep jumping onto the same stuff over and over again,” said Michael Purves, chief global strategist at Weeden & Co. “The boat gets very lopsided very quickly.”

Discontent has been building in the mega-cap tech sector as Facebook comes under growing scrutiny after a controversy surrounding users’ personal data, leading the likes of DoubleLine Capital’s Jeffrey Gundlach to recommend shorting the stock. Google parent Alphabet added to the angst Tuesday as first-quarter results sparked concern that the Internet company is embarking on a spending binge, sending shares plunging.

The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index climbed 0.5 percent Wednesday, adding to an advance that’s now exceeded 2 percent since April 17.

Thirty-three percent of respondents in the Bank of America survey -- representing asset managers including institutional funds, hedge fund and mutual funds -- said being long FAANG and BAT shares was the most crowded trade in markets this month, compared with 21 percent who said it was being short the dollar, the no. 2 response. A total of 216 respondents with $646 billion of assets under management participated in the survey, which was conducted from April 6 to April 12.

“Confusion is very high. People are trying to understand what is the regime shift we’re dealing with,” Purves said. “That’s one of the reasons you’re seeing this back and forth price action.”

Bloomberg News

— With assistance by Sarah Ponczek

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